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Palazzo Lombardia 设计-欧洲最佳高层 | Pei Cobb Freed&Partners

 
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According to Pei Cobb Freed & Partners, Palazzo Lombardia’s distinctive form is composed of sinuous interweaving strands of linear office space, seven to nine stories in height; recalling the mountains, valleys, and rivers of Lombardy. This assemblage of gently curved glass-walled workplaces, readily adaptable to changing functional requirements, allows the building to integrate with its urban context while creating unique landscaped public spaces that are open and inviting to all.


根据Pei Cobb Freed&Partners的说法,Palazzo Lombardia的独特形式是由线性办公空间的弯曲交织而成,高度为7至9层。呼应伦巴第的山脉,山谷和河流。轻柔弯曲的玻璃墙工作场所的组合,易于适应不断变化的功能要求,使建筑与城市环境融为一体,同时创造了对所有人开放且引人入胜的独特景观公共空间。


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The curving, glazed forms of the new building podium integrate effortlessly with the existing buildings and spaces surrounding it. The 14-meter width of these strands of flexible office space allows for maximum daylight penetration, and alternately allows the formation of leaf-shaped voids between them. At the core of the complex in one such void is a large, open-air plaza, the Piazza Città di Lombardia, which is covered with a transparent ETFE canopy (a lightweight plastic alternative to glass) and is completely open to the public. This expansive space, whose curved roof recalls Milan’s Galleria, connects directly to two adjacent outdoor green spaces. At ground level, the podium strands are occupied by shops, restaurants, cafés, and cultural facilities to further draw users in and promote a sense of community within the complex.


新大楼裙楼的曲线,玻璃的形式轻松地与现有建筑物和周围的空间融为一体。这些一缕缕灵活的办公空间宽14米,允许最大的日光进入,并交替使得在它们之间形成叶状空隙。该建筑群的核心是一个巨大的露天广场,即伦巴第广场(PiazzaCittàdi Lombardia),上面覆盖着透明的ETFE顶篷(玻璃的轻质塑料替代品),并且完全向公众开放。这个宽敞的空间,其弯曲的屋顶让人想起米兰的环球免税店,直接连接到两个相邻的室外绿色空间。在地面上,裙房被商店,饭店,咖啡馆和文化设施所占据,以进一步吸引用户并在综合大楼内增进社区感。


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Owing to their modest scale, the interweaving strands relate well to adjoining residential neighborhoods while still allowing a slender tower, shaped by the intersection of two curved fragments, to celebrate the new seat of government on the skyline of Milan. Reaching 161 meters, the tower contributes an emblematic presence on the skyline complementary to the neighboring Pirelli Tower (1958), which had been the tallest building in Milan until the completion of the Palazzo.


由于规模适中,交织在一起的线与毗邻的居民区联系良好,同时仍允许由两个弯曲片段相交形成的细长塔楼庆祝米兰新政府所在地的天际线。该塔高161米,在天际线中具有象征意义,与相邻的Pirelli 塔(1958年)相辅相成,Pirelli 塔一直是米兰最高的建筑物,直到Palazzo建成。


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Whereas the form of Gio Ponti’s great work is closed, singular, and convex, the Palazzo Lombardia tower engages it in conversation with a form that is open, dual, and concave. While the former meets the ground as a solid shaft, the latter virtually dissolves into curving strands of building and the plazas they enclose. The lively formal dialogue between the two structures both evokes and enriches their intimate functional relationship: the Pirelli Tower houses the existing headquarters of the Lombardy Regional Government and will continue to serve as its institutional base, while Palazzo Lombardia will serve as its administrative seat.


Gio Ponti伟大作品的形式是封闭的,奇异的和凸形的,而 Palazzo Lombardia大厦则以开放,双重和凹形的形式与之对话。前者以坚固的竖井与地面相接,而后者实际上溶解成弯曲的建筑物和它们所包围的广场。这两者之间进行生动活泼的正式对话唤起并丰富了它们之间的亲密职能关系:Pirelli大厦是伦巴第地方政府现有总部的所在地,并将继续作为其机构基础,而Palazzo Lombardia将作为其行政所在地。


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At the top of the new tower, a roofed belvedere is adjoined by an open terrace at the level below. This amenity has an important symbolic meaning: just as the piazza at ground level, created for the benefit of the citizens of the Lombardy Region, provides the setting for the Regional Government’s offices, so the public space above places the people whom the complex serves at its peak.


在新塔楼的顶部,一个屋顶的眺望台与下面一层的开放式露台相连。这种便利设施具有重要的象征意义:就像为伦巴第大区居民的利益而创建的地面广场为区域政府的办公室提供的环境一样,因此上方的公共空间将建筑物所服务的人民置于它的顶峰。


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The façade is composed of two complementary systems. Local stone, applied to the end walls facing the streets, links the complex to the historic urban fabric of Milan, while the curvilinear glass curtain wall symbolizes the transparency of the institution housed within.


外立面由两个互补的系统组成。面向街道端墙用本地石材将建筑群与米兰历史悠久的城市结构联系起来,而曲线玻璃幕墙则象征着其内部机构的透明性。


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Palazzo Lombardia makes use of several sustainable strategies. One of the main features of the building is the integration of an active climate wall assembly. The one-meter-deep wall at the perimeter of the building creates a thermal buffer zone to minimize heating and cooling loads. Return air is pulled through the cavity of the wall to temper the climate zone and further improve its performance. Within the wall are vertical louvers of perforated aluminum that automatically rotate in response to sun angles. This system minimizes direct solar gain while promoting daylighting to reduce artificial lighting needs. The perforation of the louvers ensures the entry of daylight at all times, regardless of the configuration.


Palazzo Lombardia采用了几种可持续发展的策略。建筑物的主要特征之一是集成了主动式气候墙组件。建筑物外围一米深的墙壁形成了一个热缓冲区,以最大程度地减少供暖和制冷负荷。回流空气被拉过墙体的空腔以缓和气候带并进一步改善其性能。墙壁内是垂直的穿孔铝百叶窗板,可根据太阳角度自动旋转。该系统在促进日光照射的同时最大程度地减少了直接的日光吸收,以减少人工照明的需求。无论配置如何,百叶窗的穿孔都能确保始终进入日光。


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The heating and cooling energy supplied to the building is through a geothermal heat pump system connected to an underground river. Also contributing to the energy supply are photovoltaic panels laminated into the south façade of the tower. The integration of the building’s environmental systems in tandem with passive systems and its architectural expression creates an efficient yet elegant high-rise building.


提供给建筑物的供暖和制冷能量是通过连接地下河的地热热泵系统实现的。层压在塔楼南立面上的光伏板也为能源供应做出了贡献。建筑物的环境系统与无源系统及其建筑物的表达方式相结合,构成了高效而优雅的高层建筑。


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